Carpenter, A., & Oros, A. (2016). Field notes: Pursuing social justice in the Gradebook. Retrieved February 10, 2017, from ASCD Express: Ideas From The Field

Even when students can decode words, that doesn’t always mean they understand the text on the page. In fact, as students get older, many may still not have the fluency and the instant recall they need to make progress.

Best Practices