Ruef, J. (2018, December 19). Think you’re bad at math? You may suffer from ‘math trauma’. Retrieved February 13, 2019

Demanding that students do well in timed math exercises before they understand the underlying concepts could result in “math trauma,” writes Jennifer Ruef, an assistant professor at the University of Oregon. In this commentary, she notes that using games and asking students to explain their thought processes are more effective ways to learn.

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