Schmoker, M. (2019, November 19). How to Make Reading Instruction Much, Much More Efficient. Retrieved November 25, 2019.

Third grade reading proficiency matters—enormously. It is eerily predictive of academic and career success; students who don’t reach this benchmark are four times less likely to graduate from high school on time. Unfortunately, K-3 literacy instruction, on which so much depends, is often a misguided, inefficient mess. While it consumes a generous portion of the school day, it typically neglects the most vital elements of literacy.

Best Practices