Schwartz, S., & Sparks, S. D. (2019, October 2). How Do Kids Learn to Read? What the Science Says. Retrieved October 3, 2019.

We’ve put together this overview of the research on early reading, in grades K-2. It covers what’s known about how we should teach letter-sound patterns, and what we don’t know for sure yet. It touches on what else should be part of early reading programs. And it explains why we know that most children can’t learn to read through osmosis or guessing.