Varlas, L. (2018, June). Emotions Are the Rudder That Steers Thinking. ASCD: Education Update, 60(6). Retrieved October 9, 2020.

Why can patients with certain types of brain damage have preserved cognitive abilities or intelligence as measured by IQ, yet be totally unable to manage their lives on a day-to-day basis? In the groundbreaking 2007 article “We Feel, Therefore We Learn,” neuroscientists Mary Helen Immordino-Yang and Antonio Damasio synthesized 20 years of research led by Damasio and others in hospitals throughout the United States and Europe. Although these brain-damaged patients could perform well on laboratory tests of intelligence, they were unable to apply intelligent decision making to their own lives because they could not adequately incorporate emotion into their thinking.

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