"Tier-two" words as described by the Common Core State Standards, are used in informational, technical and literary texts, educator Larry Ferlazzo writes. In this blog post, Ferlazzo explains how he teaches words such as formulate, specificity and unabashedly with his English-language learners to help build their academic vocabularies and reading comprehension skills.
About a dozen states and the District of Columbia include prekindergarten in their funding formulas for kindergarten to grade 12. Megan Carolan, director of policy research at the nonprofit Institute for Child Success, calls this approach "tremendously successful."
Some rural schools in Ohio have boosted graduation rates and the number of college-going graduates thanks, in part, to the Ohio Appalachian Collaborative. The collaborative, which launched with 21 school districts in 2010, allows for pooling of resources and better access to funding.
The Delaware Department of Education and the United Way have launched the Delaware Campaign for Grade-Level Reading, an effort to help struggling readers. The campaign will involve multiple organizations working in schools to raise rates of grade-level reading, which in Delaware was 52% of third-graders in 2017, down from 54% in 2016 and 2015, Jessica Bies writes.
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Data and Resources
PovertyUSA is the domestic anti-poverty program of the U.S. Catholic Bishops. An initiative of the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD), PovertyUSA seeks to educate and promote understanding about poverty and its root causes.
National Network of Partnership Schools (NNPS) Established at Johns Hopkins University in 1996, NNPS invites schools, districts, states, and organizations to join together and use research-based approaches to organize and sustain excellent programs of family and community involvement that will increase student success in school.
Census Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) The U.S. Census Bureau's Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program produces single-year estimates of income and poverty for all U.S. states and counties as well as estimates of school-age children in poverty for all 13,000+ school districts.